Selective chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of conductive, adherent copper films was achieved on single-crystal and polycrystalline diamond substrates modified with a ligating aminosilane and a Pd-based catalyst. Only isolated copper particles deposited on hydrogenated or aminosilane-coated diamond substrates without Pd. The Pd catalyst enhanced selectivity by a factor of 103 to 104. Copper CVD was performed in a cold-walled chamber at 446-456 K and 8x10-3 Pa using hexafluoroacetylacetonate-Cu-trimethylvinylsilane in H2 (1:1). Surfaces were characterized with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Patterned Cu features were formed by exposing the aminosilane films to patterned ultraviolet (193 nm) radiation prior to Pd-catalyst addition and Cu CVD.