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We study rotating homogeneous turbulent convection forced by a mean vertical temperature gradient by means of direct numerical simulations in the Boussinesq approximation in a rotating frame. In the absence of rotation, our results are in agreement with the ‘ultimate regime of thermal convection’ for the scaling of the Nusselt and Reynolds numbers versus Rayleigh and Prandtl numbers. Rotation is found to increase both
with a maximum enhancement for intermediate values of the Rossby numbers, qualitatively similar, but with stronger intensity, to what is observed in Rayleigh–Bénard rotating convection. Our results are interpreted in terms of a quasi-bidimensionalization of the flow with the formation of columnar structures displaying strong correlation between the temperature and the vertical velocity fields.
We investigate the statistical properties of Lagrangian tracers transported by a time-correlated compressible renewing flow. We show that the preferential sampling of the phase space performed by tracers yields significant differences between the Lagrangian statistics and its Eulerian counterpart. In particular, the effective compressibility experienced by tracers has a non-trivial dependence on the time correlation of the flow. We examine the consequence of this phenomenon on the clustering of tracers, focusing on the transition from the weak- to the strong-clustering regime. We find that the critical compressibility at which the transition occurs is minimum when the time correlation of the flow is of the order of the typical eddy turnover time. Further, we demonstrate that the clustering properties in time-correlated compressible flows are non-universal and are strongly influenced by the spatio-temporal structure of the velocity field.
The effects induced by long temporal correlations of the velocity gradients on the dynamics of a flexible polymer are investigated by means of theoretical and numerical analysis of the Hookean and finitely extensible nonlinear elastic (FENE) dumbbell models in a random renewing flow. For Hookean dumbbells, we show that long temporal correlations strongly suppress the Weissenberg-number dependence of the power-law tail characterising the probability density function (PDF) of the elongation. For the FENE model, the PDF becomes bimodal, and the coil–stretch transition occurs through the simultaneous drop and rise of the two peaks associated with the coiled and stretched configurations, respectively.
The effects of polymer additives on Rayleigh–Taylor (RT) instability of immiscible fluids is investigated using the Oldroyd-B viscoelastic model. Analytic results obtained exploiting the phase-field approach show that in polymer solution the growth rate of the instability speeds up with elasticity (but remains slower than in the pure solvent case). Numerical simulations of the viscoelastic binary fluid model confirm this picture.
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