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Nd3+-doped fluorozirconate glasses, which were additionally doped with chlorine ions, were investigated for their photoluminescence (PL) properties. Upon heat treatment of the as-made glass, hexagonal phase BaCl2 nanocrystals are formed within the material, which undergo a phase transformation to orthorhombic BaCl2 upon annealing at a higher temperature. The glasses with hexagonal phase BaCl2 nanocrystals show an enhanced Nd3+ PL in the visible spectral range. Time-resolved spectroscopy on the 4G5/2 / 2G7/2 → 4I9/2 transition shows that the existence of hexagonal BaCl2 nanocrystals results in a significantly longer decay time. The temperature dependence of the lifetime yielded that the enhanced PL is due to a reduced multi-phonon relaxation rate.
Luminescent lanthanide doped SiO2/Hydroxylapatite (HAp) core/shell nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by sol-gel technology. The resulting NPs exhibited an amorphous SiO2 core and a crystalline luminescent shell. The formation of the HAp layer was possible at pH 8.5. The characterization of the resulting NPs was done by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, inductively-coupled plasma combined with optical emission spectrometry, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Additionally, the newly developed SiO2/HAp:Ln3+ core/shell NPs were tested for their biocompatibility, e. g. by an in vitro cell culture based assay.
The influence of adding InF3 as a reducing agent on the oxidation state of Eu in fluoro-chloro- (FCZ) and fluorobromozirconate (FBZ) glass ceramics was investigated using x-ray ab-sorption near edge (XANES) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. For both materials, it was found that InF3 decreases the Eu2+-to-Eu3+ ratio significantly. PL spectroscopy proved that an annealing step leads to the formation of Eu-doped BaCl2 and BaBr2 nanocrystals in the FCZ and FBZ glasses, respectively. In the case of FCZ glass ceramics the hexagonal phase of BaCl2 could be detected in indium-free and InF3-doped ceramics, but only for InF3 containing FCZ glass ceramics a phase transition of the nanoparticles from hexagonal to orthorhombic structure is observed. For the FBZ glass ceramics, the hexagonal phase of BaBr2 can be formed with and without indium doping, but only in the indium-free case a phase transition to orthorhombic BaBr2 could be found.
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