Structural, electrical and thermal methods are applied to characterize single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) fibers with post-extrusion stretching as the independent variable. HiPco SWNTs are dispersed in water using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and then co-extruded with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/water through a long syringe into a rotating water/PVA coagulation bath. Partial axial alignment is thereby achieved, and further enhanced by applying tension to the flexible green fibers in the coagulation bath. Our findings include: (1) X-ray diffraction shows that the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the Bragg peaks decreases from 55 (as-extruded) to less than 30 degrees by 80% elongation. That is, SWNT alignment increases linearly with stretch (up to 80%). (2) In resistivity at room temperature vs. stretch ratio, result shows an initial rapid decrease followed by saturation; essentially all the improvement in electronic transport is obtained once alignment reached 40° FWHM. (3) Annealing in hydrogen at 1000°C is performed to drive out PVA, to improve inter-tube and inter-bundle contacts, and to heal damage on the tube walls. Such annealing is found to increase conductivity by at least 4 orders of magnitude. (4) Below 25 K, resistivity vs. temperature of the annealed fiber is well-represented by Coulomb gap variable range hopping (CG-VRH). It is rationalized that the Coulomb interactions in disordered systems open a gap at the Fermi energy. Above 25 K, the thermal energy is greater than the Coulomb gap, so thermal activation is more probable than correlated electron hops. (5) Finally, a measurable thermal conductivity is observed as stretch alignment increases.