Poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) is one of the most studied biopolymers nowadays. Due to its good performance, it constitutes an alternative to petrochemical-derived polymers. It was largely studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and temperature-modulated DSC. Nevertheless, there is an ongoing debate of what happens at the overlapping melting processes. In the present work, the experimental setups are discussed. Different modulation conditions are proposed for the study of the glass transition, cold crystallization, and the two reported melting processes. Finally, the experimental results allowed to measure the heat capacity change at the cold crystallization and a correct interpretation of what happens at the reported double melting peak of PLLA, which involves the existence of three crystalline structures.