To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We investigate the evolution of spherical clouds of charged particles that migrate under the action of a uniform external electrostatic field. Hydrodynamic interactions are modelled by Oseen equations and the Coulomb repulsion is calculated through pairwise summation. It is shown that strong long-range Coulomb repulsion can prevent the breakup of the clouds covering a wide range of particle Reynolds number
and cloud-to-particle size ratio
. A dimensionless charge parameter
is constructed to quantify the effect of the repulsion, and a critical value
is deduced, which successfully captures the transition of a cloud from hydrodynamically controlled regime to repulsion-controlled regime. Our results also reveal that, with sufficiently strong repulsion, the cloud undergoes a universal self-similar expansion. Scaling laws of cloud radius
and particle number density
are obtained by solving a continuum convection equation.
The problem of a suspension droplet falling under gravity was examined for polydisperse droplets composed of a mixture of particles with different densities and sizes. The study was conducted using both simulations based on oseenlet particle interactions and laboratory experiments. The hydrodynamic interactions of the particles within the suspension droplet allow a polydisperse collection of particles to fall as a coherent droplet, even for cases where the difference in particle terminal velocity would cause them to separate quickly from each other in the absence of hydrodynamic interactions. However, a gradual segregation phenomenon is observed in which particles with lower terminal velocity preferentially leave the suspension droplet by entering into the droplet tail, whereas particles with higher terminal velocity remain for longer periods of time within the droplet. When computations and experiments are performed for bidisperse mixtures, a point is eventually reached where all of the lighter/smaller particles are ejected into the droplet tail and the droplet continues to fall with only the heavier/larger particles.
Offering a comprehensive treatment of adhesive particle flows, this book adopts a particle-level approach oriented toward directly simulating the various fluid, electric field, collision, and adhesion forces and torques acting on the particles, within the framework of a discrete-element model. It is ideal for professionals and graduate students working in engineering and atmospheric and condensed matter physics, materials science, environmental science, and other disciplines where particulate flows have a significant role. The presentation is applicable to a wide range of flow fields, including aerosols, colloids, fluidized beds, and granular flows. It describes both physical models of the various forces and torques on the particles as well as practical aspects necessary for efficient implementation of these models in a computational framework.