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In this paper, we first derive the CR volume doubling property, CR Sobolev inequality, and the mean value inequality. We then apply them to prove the CR analogue of Yau’s conjecture on the space consisting of all pseudoharmonic functions of polynomial growth of degree at most
in a complete noncompact pseudohermitian
-manifold. As a by-product, we obtain the CR analogue of the volume growth estimate and the Gromov precompactness theorem.
Few studies have been conducted to investigate the influence of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) on the long-term prognosis of end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
A retrospective cohort study.
The largest regional hospital renowned for haemodialysis in northern Taiwan.
A total of 702 ESRD patients undergoing haemodialysis between 1993 and 2002 were evaluated.
The rate of overall use of rhEPO, vitamin D3 or Fe therapy was 62 %. The 10-year survival rate in patients with rhEPO supplementation was statistically more favourable than that in patients without rhEPO (hazard ratio (HR) = 0·38, 95 % CI 0·30, 0·47, P < 0·0001). Similar findings were noted for patients receiving vitamin D3 (HR = 0·36, 95 % CI 0·21, 0·64, P = 0.0004) and Fe (HR = 0·45, 95 % CI 0·33, 0·61, P < 0·0001). After adjusting for age, education and aetiology, the administration of rhEPO resulted in statistically significant improvements in long-term survival rate either with (HR = 0·30, 95 % CI 0·22, 0·42) or without (HR = 0·48, 95 % CI 0·38, 0·61) combined use of Fe or vitamin D3.
We demonstrated a reduction in long-term mortality related to supplementation therapy with rhEPO, vitamin D3 and Fe. The findings provide a justification for the administration of combined supplement therapy in patients undergoing haemodialysis.
Let the Paneitz operator P0 be strictly positive on a closed 3-manifold M with a fixed conformal class. It is proved that the solution of a fourth-order Q-curvature flow exists on M for all time and converges smoothly to a metric of constant Q-curvature.
We report two cases of carcinoma in situ in the external auditory canal (EAC), presenting with symptoms such as pain, long-term itching of the ear, easy contact bleeding, canal otorrhea and hearing loss. Otoscopic examination revealed granulation tissue and a greyish-black tumour with irregular surface. The first patient had previously been diagnosed with otitis externa with persistent ear itching for the past three years. The second patient had received tympanoplasty for treatment of chronic otitis media on the right ear ten years ago. The first case was treated with wide excision, whereas the second patient received resection of the skin of the EAC together with its adjacent soft tissue, followed by skin grafting. No tumour recurrence was noted in the fourth and third post-operative year for the first and second patient respectively. We suggest that EAC carcinoma can be detected early and treated.
In this paper, based on a Harnack-type estimate and a local Sobolev constant bounded for the Calabi flow on closed surfaces, we extend author’s previous results and show the long-time existence and convergence of solutions of 2-dimensional Calabi flow on closed surfaces. Then we establish the uniformization theorem for closed surfaces.
The paper reported a novel flexible concept for acquiring the fingerprint that based on the piezoelectric PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) was integrated into the flexible polyimide substrate to form the fingerprint. In this study, it focused on the array PVDF fabrication and dynamic control circuit to read pressure signal for fingerprint identification. The fabrication of PVDF powder was melt at 180°C, pressed under 2 tons and subsequently quenched at 10°C/min to form the PVDF films. Next the PVDF films were put into the oven at different temperatures for 40 minutes to stretch 4 times from its original length. As for the dynamic control, the sensing circuit was presented two parts, one is charge amplifier and the other is capacitance detect by using frequency oscillator. We demonstrated that the dynamic pressure measurement of PVDF could achieve fingerprint acquisition. Experimental results showed the response speed of sensing is as fast as 5 ms. Therefore, the aim of this study is to speed up the technology for promoting the flexible fingerprint.
To determine risk factors for hemodialysis catheter-related bloodstream infections (HCRBSIs) and investigate whether use of maximal sterile barrier precautions would prevent HCRBSIs.
Tertiary-care medical center hemodialysis unit.
Open trial with historical comparison and case-control study of risk factors for HCRBSIs.
Prospective surveillance was used to compare HCRBSI rates for 1 year before and after implementation of maximal sterile barrier precautions. A case–control study compared 50 case-patients with HCRBSI with 51 randomly selected control-patients.
The HCRBSI rate was 1.6% per 100 dialysis runs (CI95, 1.1%–2.3%) in the first year and 0.77% (CI95, 0.5%–1.1%) in the second year (P = .0106). The most frequent cause of HCRBSI was MRSA in the first year (15 of 32) and MSSA in the second year (13 of 18). Ten MRSA blood isolates in the first year were identical by PFGE. Diabetes mellitus was a risk factor for HCRBSI. Age, gender, site of hemodialysis central venous catheter (CVC), other underlying diseases, coma score, APACHE II score, serum albumin level, and cholesterol level were not associated with HCRBSI and did not change between the 2 years. Hospital stay was prolonged for case-patients (32.78 ± 20.96 days) versus control-patients (22.75 ± 17.33 days), but mortality did not differ.
Use of maximal sterile barrier precautions during the insertion of CVCs reduced HCRBSIs in dialysis patients and seemed cost-effective. Diabetes mellitus was associated with HCRBSI. An outbreak of MRSA in the first year was likely caused by cross-infection via medical personnel.
In this paper, firstly, we show the Bondi-mass type estimate of solutions of Calabi flow on closed 4-manifolds. Secondly, in our applications, we obtain the long time existence on closed 4-manifolds. In particular, we are able to show the asymptotic convergence of a subsequence of solutions of the Calabi flow on closed Einstein 4-manifolds.
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