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The Japanese Association for Disaster Medicine (JADM) Disaster Medical Coordination Support Team (DMCST) was formed in 2016 when Japan experienced Kumamoto earthquake to support other disaster medical assistance teams in terms of headquarter operation logistics.
Introducing medical association-based disaster medical support team.
JADM DMCST was formed by an association member who had experience in disaster medical headquarter operation and logistic support. Disaster medical headquarter tends to have a gap between acute phase and sub-acute phase due to an alternation of disaster medical assistance team. To keep disaster medical management at medical management headquarter, experienced manpower requires. JADM DMCST provided assistance to fill those gaps.
For 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, 107 members responded as a JADM DMCST, 78 members responded for 2018 West Japan Torrential Rain Disaster. Most of the members responded to the medical headquarter of affected prefecture’s, city’s, and medical region’s headquarters. Members provided logistic support in headquarter operation, gathered medical needs information, helped medical team dispatch coordination, gathered evacuation shelter information, provided heat stroke support for evacuees, assisted deep vein thrombosis management, provided AED delivery operation, and helped statistical information analysis based on WHO standards.
JAMD DMCST could provide medical management support at each headquarters without time span restrictions which the most of disaster medical assistance team has. Since all members were experienced in disaster medical management, they could connect and keep providing medical assistance to the affected people. At the time of disaster, disaster medical management headquarter is always short handed due to a large amount of incoming information. All this information was managed by the support team. Although JADM DMCST contributed to support headquarter management, each member had to pay for his/her transportation, hotel, food and any devices required for headquarter operations. Therefore, improving member’s responding condition is next problem to solve.
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