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We describe an ultra-wide-bandwidth, low-frequency receiver recently installed on the Parkes radio telescope. The receiver system provides continuous frequency coverage from 704 to 4032 MHz. For much of the band (
), the system temperature is approximately 22 K and the receiver system remains in a linear regime even in the presence of strong mobile phone transmissions. We discuss the scientific and technical aspects of the new receiver, including its astronomical objectives, as well as the feed, receiver, digitiser, and signal processor design. We describe the pipeline routines that form the archive-ready data products and how those data files can be accessed from the archives. The system performance is quantified, including the system noise and linearity, beam shape, antenna efficiency, polarisation calibration, and timing stability.
Breakthrough Listen is a 10-yr initiative to search for signatures of technologies created by extraterrestrial civilisations at radio and optical wavelengths. Here, we detail the digital data recording system deployed for Breakthrough Listen observations at the 64-m aperture CSIRO Parkes Telescope in New South Wales, Australia. The recording system currently implements two modes: a dual-polarisation, 1.125-GHz bandwidth mode for single-beam observations, and a 26-input, 308-MHz bandwidth mode for the 21-cm multibeam receiver. The system is also designed to support a 3-GHz single-beam mode for the forthcoming Parkes ultra-wideband feed. In this paper, we present details of the system architecture, provide an overview of hardware and software, and present initial performance results.
We report the results of a successful 7-hour 1.4 GHz Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) experiment using two new stations, ASKAP-29 located in Western Australia and WARK12M located on the North Island of New Zealand. This was the first geodetic VLBI observing session with the participation of these new stations. We have determined the positions of ASKAP-29 and WARK12M. Random errors on position estimates are 150–200 mm for the vertical component and 40–50 mm for the horizontal component. Systematic errors caused by the unmodeled ionosphere path delay may reach 1.3 m for the vertical component.
Detailed 4.8 and 8.64 GHz radio images of the entire Large and Small Magellanic Clouds with half-power beamwidths of 35″ at 4.8 GHz and 22″ at 8.64 GHz have been obtained using the Australia Telescope Compact Array. Full polarimetric observations were made. Several thousand mosaic positions were used to cover an area of 6° on a side for the LMC and 4.5° for the SMC. These images have sufficient spatial resolution (~ 8 and 5 pc, respectively) and sensitivity (3σ of 1.5 mJy beam−1) to identify most of the individual supernova remnants and H ii regions and also, in combination with available data from the Parkes 64-m telescope, the structure of the smooth emission in these galaxies. We have recently revised the early data analysis (Dickel et al. 2005) by increasing the CLEAN cutoff limit to recover more intermediate-spacing data and thus present more accurate brightnesses for extended sources. In addition, limited data using the sixth antenna at 4.5 – 6 km baselines are available to distinguish bright point sources (< 3″ and 2″, respectively) and to help estimate sizes of individual sources smaller than the resolution of the full survey. The resulting database will be valuable for statistical studies and comparisons with X-ray, optical, and infrared surveys of the LMC with similar resolution.
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