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The purpose of this study was to determine the dose enhancement factor (DEF) of gold nanoparticles in a dosimeter gel and construct percentage depth dose curves, using the Optical CT system and the Monte Carlo simulation model, to determine the effect of increasing the dose caused by increasing the concentration of gold nanoparticles at depths in the gel.
Materials and methods
The Magic-f Gel was made based on the relevant protocol in the physics lab. To determine the amount of the increase in the absorbed dose, the gold nanoparticles were added to the gel and irradiated. An increase in the dose after adding nanoparticles to the gel vials was estimated both with the Optical CT system and by the Monte Carlo simulation method.
Dose enhancement curves for doses of 2, 4 and 6 Gy were prepared for gel vials without adding nanoparticles, and nanoparticle gels at concentrations 0·17, 3 and 6 mM. Also, the DEF was estimated. For the 0·17 mM molar gel, the DEF for 2, 4 and 6 Gy was 0·7, 0·743 and 0·801, respectively. For the 3 mM gel, it was 1·98, 2·5 and 2·2, and for the 6 mM gel, it was 37·4, 4·24 and 4·71, respectively.
The enhancement of the dose after adding gold nanoparticles was confirmed both by experimental data and by simulation data.
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