During the 1920s and 1930s Rutgers University restricted the number of Jewish students it admitted, a practice common at that time. This covert policy was resisted by the Jewish community, which pointed to the university's support by public funds. Despite having evolved from a small college to a university by means of public funds, Rutgers was still governed by private trustees. In the 1920s and 1930s these trustees continued to exercise virtually autonomous control, even though Rutgers was accepting increasing amounts of public money. But the state of New Jersey was beginning to challenge this exclusive control. This challenge and the related issue of funding forced Rutgers authorities to participate in an internal struggle over the nature, identity, and role of the institution. The history of Rutgers during these two decades illuminates the connection between the anti-Semitic admissions policy and the debate over the university's role. It was not until after the Second World War—when Rutgers became the true State University of New Jersey—that discriminatory admissions policies were ended and the question of the university's role was settled.