The liquid-solid interface motion and the temperature history of thin Si films during excimer laser annealing are observed by in-situ experiments combining time-resolved (∼Ins) electrical conductance, optical reflectance/transmittance at visible and near-IR wavelength, and thermal emission measurements. The existence of partial and complete melting regimes is elucidated. In the partial melting regime, the maximum temperature remains close to the melting point of aSi, since the laser energy is consumed on the latent heat of phase-change. In the complete melting regime, substantial supercooling, followed by homogeneous nucleation is observed. These phase transformations are consistent with the recrystallized poly-Si morphologies.