Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of as grown Ga-rich, and Ga-rich plus Ge-doped and annealed CCSVT (Chemical Close-Spaced Vapor Transport) — CuGaSe2 thin films have been investigated. Visible (514.5 nm) and Ultra- Violet (351.1 nm) excitation energies of the laser have been used in order to determine intrinsic and extrinsic defects created due to the implantation as well as separating near surface from bulk recombination.
Both visible and UV-PL spectra of the undoped films show the well known luminescence of Ga-rich CuGaSe2, which can be described by the widely accepted model of fluctuating potentials. Unlike the visible- and UV-PL emissions of Ge- implanted and annealed films differ strongly. Obviously, Ge-implantation in combination with the thermal treatment results in an extrinsic doping of the material producing so far unknown states in the CuGaSe2 band gap. Comparing the visible- and the UV-PL spectra we found an accumulation of these extrinsic doping levels in the near-surface-region of the films.