To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
From protein binding alterations to frequent drug–drug interactions, from hypermetabolic states to anuria, there exists a multitude of reasons that the therapeutic interventions of choice must be individualized in a critically ill patient. The principles of clinical pharmacology provide the basis of optimizing a safe and effective drug regimen. The four major subdivisions of pharmacology include pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacotherapeutics, and toxicology. Simply stated, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics focus on what the body does to the drug and what the drug does to the body, respectively. The following pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics factors must be taken into consideration to optimize effectiveness and to minimize toxicity.