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This review aims to familiarize the reader with research efforts on the cultivation media of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). We have also included a brief discussion on standard ingredients used in LAB media and chemically defined media as related to bacterial growth requirements. Recent research has focused on modifying standard media for the enumeration, differentiation, isolation, and identification of starter cultures and probiotics. Even though large numbers of these media have been developed to serve dairy microbial control, they have failed to provide consistent results. The research consequently points to the need to develop a reliable lactobacilli growth medium for the dairy industry.
The objective of the study reported in this Research Communication was to investigate the effects of pectin and whey protein concentrate (WPC) on the generation of acid whey during Greek-style yogurt (GSY) processing. Yogurt samples were prepared using pectin (0·05%, w/v) and whey protein concentrate (WPC-80) (1%, w/v) as possible ingredients that reduce the acid whey production. Control yogurt sample was prepared without addition of these ingredients. The results showed that yogurt made with pectin plus WPC had significantly higher water holding capacity (~56%) than the control (33%). Similarly, yogurt supplemented with pectin plus WPC exhibited 15% less susceptibility to syneresis compared to the control (P < 0·05). Viability of L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus in all yogurts remained ≥7·0 and ≥8·0 log CFU/g respectively. Native PAGE analysis showed an interaction between pectin and WPC. Pectin hinders the formation of large oligomeric aggregates of whey protein which correlates with an increase in WHC and a decrease in syneresis. Our results demonstrated that a combination of pectin and WPC have the potential to limit the quantity of acid whey generation in GSY manufacturing. Thus, these ingredients have positive implications for dairy industry in the production of GSY.
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