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This paper reports on the creation of a THL-100 multi-terawatt hybrid laser system based on a Start-480M titanium-sapphire starting complex and photochemical XeF(C-A) amplifier with a 25-cm aperture. The complex produces 50-fs radiation pulses of energy up to 5 mJ at a second harmonic wavelength of 475 nm. The active medium of the amplifier is created in a XeF2/N2 mixture under vacuum-ultraviolet radiation of electron beam-excited xenon. The results of first experiments on femtosecond pulse amplification in the active medium of the XeF(C-A) amplifier are presented to demonstrate that a laser beam peak power of 14 TW has been attained.
In the current work tribological properties of different compositions of lubricant additives based on detonation nanodiamond (DND) particles are reported. As compared to the previous findings using polyalphaolefin oil as a base oil for the additives, it is demonstrated that polymer esters are also a valuable base oil for the additive preparation. It is also demonstrated that synergistic compositions of DND with organic molybdenum provide significant improvement of the polyalphaolephin and mineral oils lubricating properties. Treatment of of DND with fluorine containing gases is an additional possibility toward reduced friction and wear of the DND-based nanolubricants.
A case of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in a domestic cat is described from Saint Petersburg, Russia. Ultrasonography showed numerous cysts with hyperechoic walls and anechoic contents within the cat's abdominal cavity. Molecular identification based on mitochondrial DNA genes indicated that the causative agent was Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (G1 strain). This is the first report of CE in a cat caused by E. granulosus sensu stricto with molecular confirmation.
Magneto-optical spectroscopy in combination with tunable laser excitation spectroscopy is employed to carry out a detailed study of spin alignment and spin injection in II-VI wide-bandgap semiconductor heterostructures, aiming at optimization of structural design for nano-scale spintronic applications. The use of tunable excitation is shown to provide a valuable opportunity to monitor separately spin relaxation and spin injection processes in the structures. Efficient spin alignment is achieved by using a diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) (a layer of ZnMnSe or a ZnMnSe/CdSe superlattice) as thin as 10 nm. The spin alignment efficiency is shown to depend critically on the ratio between the rates of spin relaxation and spin transport within the DMS layer. This allows the realization of spin alignment and spin switching functions by varying the structural design.
Resonant absorption of first-overtone (FO) CO laser radiation
by atmospheric water vapor and various organic and nonorganic
pollutants is discussed. Suitable ro-vibrational lines
are selected for their potential use in traditional spectroscopic
schemes of atmospheric pollution diagnostics. Nonlinear
atmospheric absorption of intense multiline FO CO laser
radiation is simulated and laser-induced changes in absorption
spectra are demonstrated. Absorption coefficients of a
few substances on several FO CO ro-vibrational lines are
experimentally measured. A comparative analysis of spectral
characteristics of an FO CO laser and an HF (DF) laser
demonstrates that the potential of FO CO laser applications
for spectroscopic detection of various molecular trace
gases is greater than that of HF and DF lasers.