To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is an increasingly described entity, with over 70 cases reported in the literature. The classic triad includes orthostatic headache, diffuse pachymeningeal enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium, and low cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSF) in the lateral decubitus (<60 mm H2O) and sitting positions.
We present four rare clinical presentations of SIH, two of which have not been previously described in the literature, to the best of our knowledge.
Patient 1 presented with dyspnea, dysphagia, bilateral ptosis, diplopia and seizures. Patient 2 presented with a paradoxical positional pattern of orthostatic hypotension. In Patient 3, bilateral subdural hematomas (SDH) were encountered; while in Patient 4, a recurrent unilateral SDH requiring multiple surgical interventions was demonstrated.
Although uncommon clinical presentations, all four cases of intracranial hypotension were spontaneous, demonstrated diagnostic MRI findings, and responded favorably to blood patches or saline injections.
To describe a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of “blister-like” aneurysms of the distal internal carotid artery (ICA). Direct surgical treatments of these fragile lesions have been associated with generally poor outcomes.
Two consecutive patients presenting with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage from “blister-like” aneurysms were treated with preliminary balloon occlusion of the ICA, followed by surgical trapping of the ICA beyond the aneurysm.
The treatment resulted in complete thrombosis of both aneurysms with no clinical complications.
This combined endovascular-neurosurgical approach offers a controlled, safer alternative to primary surgical therapy of “blister-like” aneurysms.
Carotid angioplasty and stenting is gaining popularity as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of carotid bifurcation stenosis. The major concern with the procedure is the risk of embolic stroke which may be initiated by balloon angioplasty of friable atherosclerotic plaque. Elimination of angioplasty may result in a lower incidence of embolic complications.
We describe a case in which a self-expanding stent alone, without balloon angioplasty, was used to successfully dilate an atherosclerotic stenosis of the carotid bifurcation.
A moderate increase in vessel diameter, from 75% to 50%, was immediately observed after stent placement alone. No embolic complications were observed and follow-up plain film and ultrasound examinations showed progressive stent enlargement with excellent anatomic and hemodynamic results.
In this case of severe carotid stenosis, the use of a self-expanding stent alone, without balloon angioplasty, resulted in excellent anatomic and hemodynamic improvement.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.