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HERMES is a new high-resolution multi-object spectrograph on the Anglo Australian Telescope. The primary science driver for HERMES is the GALAH survey, GALactic Archaeology with HERMES. We are planning a spectroscopic survey of about a million stars, aimed at using chemical tagging techniques to reconstruct the star-forming aggregates that built up the disk, the bulge and halo of the Galaxy. This project will benefit greatly from the stellar distances and transverse motions from the Gaia mission.
Two upcoming large scale surveys, the ESA Gaia and LSST projects, will bring a new era in astronomy. The number of binary systems that will be observed and detected by these projects is enormous, estimations range from millions for Gaia to several tens of millions for LSST. We review some tools that should be developed and also what can be gained from these missions on the subject of binaries and exoplanets from the astrometry, photometry, radial velocity and their alert systems.
We show initial results from our ongoing HST/ACS GHOSTS survey of the resolved stellar envelopes of 14 nearby, massive disk galaxies. In hierarchical galaxy formation the stellar halos and thick disks of galaxies are formed by accretion of minor satellites and therefore contain valuable information about the (early) assembly process of galaxies. We detect for the first time the very small halo of NGC 4244, a low mass edge-on galaxy. We find that massive galaxies have very extended halos, with equivalent surface brightnesses of 28-29 V-mag arcsec−2 at 20-30 kpc from the disk. The old RGB stars of the thick disk in the NGC 891 and NGC 4244 edge-on galaxies truncate at the same radius as the young thin disk stars, providing insights into the formation of both disk truncations and thick disks. We furthermore present the stellar populations of a very low surface brightness stream around M83, the first such a stream resolved into stars beyond those of the Milky Way and M31.
The combination of the collecting power of an ELT with an ultra-stable high resolution spectrograph opens up the possibility to measure for the first time directly the dynamical effect of the acceleration of the Universe. CODEX will also provide unique opportunities for advance in many other branches of astrophysics. The CODEX design is based on an array of several identical spectrographs. It is highly modular and can be easily adapted to a large range of sky apertures and telescope diameters. CODEX is designed to work as a seeing limited instrument. The requirements for the telescope are moderate and clearly identified.
Orbital properties of extra-solar planets are briefly recalled and compared with equivalent features of stellar binaries. Similarities and differences are discussed. Among the more than 115 extra-solar planets discovered to date, 19 are orbiting a component of a binary system. We discuss the properties of this subsample and compare them with the equivalent characteristics of planets around single stars. Differences in the mass-period-eccentricity distributions are observed: exoplanets with m2 sin i > 2 MJup and P≤ 40-100 days are in binaries and present low eccentricities. In the context of the migration scenario, these characteristics are tentatively explained in the light of recent simulations of planet-disk interactions showing an increased accretion and migration rates of planets in case an additional perturbing close stellar companion is present in the system. Finally, different observational approaches to find planets in long-period spectroscopic binaries aiming to improve the still poor available statistics are presented. An important result is the detection of a planetary companion in the HD 41004 triple system.
were investigated, for various real rational parameters a; b; c and
algebraic and rational values of z ∈ (0, 1), by applying the singular values of the
complete elliptic integral of the first kind K(k) to certain classical
F transformation formulae, where k denotes the modulus. Our main aim in the
present paper is to use similar methods to determine the special values of (1·1) for
the case a = 112, b = 712
and c = 23.
Several authors [1, 5, 9] have investigated the algebraic and
transcendental values of the Gaussian hypergeometric series
for rational parameters a, b, c and algebraic and rational values of
z ∈ (0, 1). This led to several new identities such as
where Γ(x) denotes the gamma function. It was pointed out by the present authors
 that these results, and others like it, could be derived simply by combining certain
classical F transformation formulae with the singular values of the complete elliptic
integral of the first kind K(k), where k denotes the modulus.
Here, we pursue the methods used in  to produce further examples of the type
(1·2) and (1·3). Thus, we find the following results:
The result (1·6) is of particular interest because the argument and value of the F
function are both rational.
Twenty patients with panic attacks and ten controls were given a standardised interview about thoughts occurring during times of anxiety or panic attacks. The interviewer was blind to the subject's diagnosis. The 20 panic patients underwent a psychophysiological test battery which included a cold pressor test, mental arithmetic task, and 5.5% CO2 inhalation. More patients than controls reported thoughts centred on fears of losing control and shame when anxious. Panic patients rated their thoughts as stronger and clearer than did controls and they had more difficulty excluding them from their minds. A feeling of anxiety preceded anxious thoughts in patients. This suggests that ‘faulty cognitions' are not the initial event in a panic attack, although anxious thoughts may exacerbate or maintain them. Significant correlations were found between the intensity of anxiety-related thoughts in anticipation of mental arithmetic and changes in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate during mental arithmetic.
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