The effects of neem seed kernel extract (NSKE), neem oil (NO) and nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) of the Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on the mortality, feeding and development of S. litura were evaluated in the laboratory. Dose-dependent mortality was evident after NPV treatment, which also depended on larval age at treatment. Upon combining NPV with neem products, the percentage mortality was enhanced threefold even at reduced concentrations. The NSKE and NO significantly inhibited the growth and development of S. litura, and extended the duration of its larval and pupal stages. Oviposition period, adult longevity and fecundity were significantly reduced following treatment with neem products and with neem + NPV treatment. The efficiencies of conversion of ingested food (ECI) and digested food (ECD) were also significantly decreased by treatment with NSKE, NO and NPV, either alone or in combination.