We have investigated the physical properties of molecular clouds which are presumably interacting with the G359.54+0.18 Nonthermal Filaments and an associated H ii region east of the filaments (Staguhn et al., 1996). The sub-mm spectra of 12CO(3-2) were observed with the KOSMA 3 m telescope, while the 490 GHz [C i] 3
0 observations were made with the AST/RO 1.7 m sub-mm telescope. Fig. 1 shows channel maps of the integrated CO and [C i] line intensities in the velocity range of the recombination line observed towards the nearby H ii region. This H ii region is traced by the VLA 5 GHz continuum observations which are shown as contours in the central parts of the maps. The G359.54+0.18 Nonthermal Filaments, situated further to the west, appear to be morphologically associated with the H ii region. The [C i] emission of the molecular cloud east of the filaments which is kinematically linked to the H ii region is anti-correlated with the molecular line emission over a large angular extent. It is unlikely that the large morphological differences between [C i] and CO in this region can be explained exclusively by a high abundance of neutral carbon in the surface regions of dense molecular clumps, as is usually the case in PDR regions near the Sun.