We present a rare case of tracheostomy for removal of laryngeal foreign bodies consisting of three connected fish vertebral bones in a 15-month-old girl. Recent endoscopic techniques have made it possible to extract nearly all tracheobronchial foreign bodies with rigid bronchoscopes. However, the three connected foreign bodies in this report could not be extracted entirely by single endoscopy because the glottis as an exit was narrow due to severe oedema. Accordingly, tracheostomy was required to assist ventilation, prevent prolonged post-operative endotracheal intubation, remove the secondary tracheal foreign bodies and to provide a conduit for the introduction of a bronchoscope.
This suggests that tracheostomy should be considered to avoid the potential dangers of severe laryngeal oedema and to secure the route for removal of foreign bodies from the trachea when treating patients with multiple laryngeal foreign bodies and laryngeal oedema.