The low-cristobalite-type modification of Al0.5Ga0.5PO4 is prepared by annealing the amorphous precipitate of stoichiometric phosphate at 1300 °C. The phase purity of the sample is ascertained by powder X-ray diffraction. The crystal structure is refined by Rietveld refinements of the neutron and X-ray diffraction data of the polycrystalline powder. This compound crystallizes in an orthorhombic lattice with unit cell parameters, a=7.0295(8), b=7.0132(8), and c=6.9187(4) Å, V=341.08(6) Å3, Z=4 (Space group C 2221, No. 20). The crystal structure analysis reveals the random distribution of the Al3+ and Ga3+ having tetrahedral coordination with typical M–O (M=Al3+:Ga3+) bond lengths as 1.74 Å. Similarly, the P5+ have tetrahedral coordination with typical P–O bond lengths 1.52–1.54 Å. The Mo4 and PO4 tetraheda are linked by common corners forming a three-dimensional framework lattice. The details of the crystal structure are presented in this paper.