Event-related potentials (ERPs) recorded from the
human scalp can provide important information about how
the human brain normally processes information and about
how this processing may go awry in neurological or psychiatric
disorders. Scientists using or studying ERPs must strive
to overcome the many technical problems that can occur
in the recording and analysis of these potentials. The
methods and the results of these ERP studies must be published
in a way that allows other scientists to understand exactly
what was done so that they can, if necessary, replicate
the experiments. The data must then be analyzed and presented
in a way that allows different studies to be compared readily.
This paper presents guidelines for recording ERPs and criteria
for publishing the results.