We have investigated the synthesis of carbon-silicon-nitride compounds by ion implantation. In these experiments, 100 keV nitrogen ions were implanted into polycrystalline β-SiC (cubic phase) at various substrate temperatures and ion doses. These thin films were characterized in detail by x-ray diffraction with a position-sensitive detector, transmission electron microscopy with chemical analysis, and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. The as-implanted samples show a buried amorphous layer at a depth of 170 nm. The peak concentration of nitrogen saturates at approximately 45 at. % with doses above ~9.0×1017 N/cm2 at 860°C. These results suggest formation of a new phase by nitrogen implantation into β-SiC.