We describe successful algorithms for rapid alignment of the Bragg planes normal to the incidence plane in a high resolution X-ray diffraction experiment. One is appropriate to the surface symmetric geometry and uses a technique of rotation about the specimen normal.
From an experimental study of the rocking curve shape as a function of tilt, we have developed a new algorithm which uses tilting about an axis formed by the intersection of the specimen and incidence planes. This has been shown to be reliable for rapid optimization of the diffraction conditions for wafers cut up to 15° off the (001) plane and for asymmetric reflections. Additionally algorithms are outlined which permit rapid location of the maximum of the Bragg peak and deduction of the mean wafer curvature from the X-ray data