Field studies were conducted in 2021 in Kibler and Augusta, AR, to determine the effect of winter cover crops and cultivar selection on weed suppression and sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] yield. The split-split plot studies evaluated three cover crops [cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) + crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum L.)], [winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) + crimson clover], and fallow; weeding (with or without); and four sweetpotato cultivars (‘Heartogold’, ‘Bayou-Belle-6’, ‘Beauregard-14’, and ‘Orleans’). ‘Heartogold’ had the tallest canopy, while ‘Beauregard-14’ and ‘Bayou Belle-6’ had the longest vines at 5 and 8 wk after sweetpotato transplanting. Sweetpotato canopy was about 20% taller in weedy plots compared to the hand-weeded treatment and vines were shorter under weed interference. Canopy height and vine length of sweetpotato cultivars were not related to weed biomass suppression. However, vine length was positively correlated to all yield grades (r >0.5). Weed biomass decreased one-fold in plots with cover crops compared to bare soil at Augusta. Cover crop biomass was positively correlated with jumbo (r=0.29), no.1 (r=0.33), and total sweetpotato yield (r=0.34). Jumbo yield was affected the most by weed pressure. On average, sweetpotato total yield was reduced by 80 and 60% with weed interference in Augusta and Kibler, respectively. ‘Bayou Belle-6’ was the high-yielding cultivar without weed interference in both locations. ‘Bayou Belle-6’ and ‘Heartogold’ were less affected by weed interference than ‘Beauregard-14’ and ‘Orleans’.