The aims of these recommendations are to improve the outcome for patients after, and to provide acceptable standards of practice of, therapeutic cardiac catheterisation performed to treat congenital cardiac disease. The scope of the recommendations includes all interventional procedures, recognising that for some congenital malformations, surgical treatment is equally as effective as, or occasionally preferable to, interventional treatment. The limitations of the recommendations are that, at present, no data are available which compare the results of interventional treatment with surgery, and certainly none which evaluate the numbers and types of procedures that need to be performed for the maintenance of skills. Thus, there is a recognised need to collect comprehensive data with which these recommendations could be reviewed in the future, and re-written as evidence-based guidelines. Such a review will have to take into account the methods of collection of data, their effectiveness, and the latest developments in technology. The present recommendations should, therefore, be considered as consensus statements, and as describing accepted practice, which could be used as a basis for ensuring and improving the quality of future care.