The effects of nitrogen fertilization on growth, nutrient uptake and yields of upland and lowland taro were studied on the island of Kauai, applying o, 280, 560 and 1120 kg./ha. N. Nitrogen concentrations of upland and lowland taro leaves were significantly correlated with yields, although regression analysis showed that per cent N in both blades and petioles decreased with age. Higher yields were obtained from the lowland than from the upland crop, regardless of amounts of N fertilizer applied. The highest yield obtained from lowland taro was at 1120 kg./ha. N harvested at fifteen months (57·6 tons/ha.) and from upland taro the highest yield was obtained at 560 kg./ha. N harvested also at fifteen months (25·5 tons/ha.).