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Our commentary articulates some of the commonalities between Baumeister et
al.'s theory of socially differentiated roles and Strategic
Differentiation-Integration Effort. We expand upon the target article's
position by arguing that differentiating social roles is contextual and driven
by varying ecological pressures, producing character displacement not only among
individuals within complex societies, but also across social systems and
multiple levels of organization.
We present results based on the analysis of lithium abundances in a sample of ~ 50 pre-main sequence stars covering a wide range of masses (from 2 to 0.3 M⊙) and luminosities (corresponding to ages of 1-100 Myr). Stars with masses estimated to be ≳ 1 M⊙show lithium abundances close to cosmic with little scatter (± 0.3 dex). Stars with masses less than Solar present a wide range of lithium abundances, with a clear trend to lower abundances for lower luminosities (greater age). The observed Li abundances constrain theoretical predictions of lithium depletion in rotating pre-main sequence stars.
We study the theoretical properties of the regular spacings found in the oscillation spectra of δ Scuti stars. A linear relation between the large separation and the mean density is predicted to be found in the low-frequency domain (i.e. radial orders spanning from 1 to 8, approximately) of the main-sequence δ Scuti stars' oscillation spectrum. This implies an independent direct measure of the average density of δ Scuti stars, analogous to that of the Sun, and places tight constraints on the mode identification and hence on the stellar internal structure and dynamics, and allows a determination the radii of planets orbiting around δ Scuti stars with unprecedented precision. This opens the way for studying the evolution of regular patterns in pulsating stars, and its relation to stellar structure and evolution.
The first steps in the synthesis of nanostructures are followed through UV-Vis and correlated with photoluminescence and images taken by SEM and TEM. Colloids permit the control in the atomic arrangement and the formation of nanostructures used to build cluster of materials. The size of the cluster in the colloid is around 5 nm. After the formation of the colloid a hydrothermal growth and microwave heating allows the formation of an ensemble of nano-sheet. This work is aim in the direction to controls the synthesis and the properties of materials with potential applications as active optical materials.
Recently we were able to retrieve the Earth's transmission spectrum through lunar eclipse observations. This spectrum showed that the depth of most molecular species was stronger than models had anticipated. The presence of other atmospheric signatures, such as atmospheric dimers, were also present in the spectrum. We have been developing a radiative transfer code able to reproduce the Earth's transmission spectra at different depths into the penumbra and umbra, and taking into account transmission, refraction, and multiple scattering. Here we discuss the results to date and the work ahead.