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In this paper we shall use the methods of the paper 
by Hodges, Hodkinson,
Lascar and Shelah to show that the free group of countably infinite rank and certain
relatively free groups of countably infinite rank have the small index property.
Let F be the free metabelian Lie algebra of finite rank m over a field K of characteristic 0. The automorphism group Aut F is considered with respect to a topology called the formal power series topology and it is shown that the group of tame automorphisms (automorphisms induced from the free Lie algebra of rank m) is dense in Aut F for m ≥ 4 but not dense for m = 2 and m = 3. At a more general level, we study the formal power series topology on the semigroup of all endomorphisms of an arbitrary (associative or non-associative) relatively free algebra of finite rank m and investigate certain associated modules of the general linear group GLm(AT).
A simple new proof is given of a result of Vaughan-Lee which implies that if G is a relatively free nilpotent group of finite rank k and nilpotency class c with c < k then the characteristic subgroups of G are all fully invariant. It is proved that the condition c < k can be weakened to c < k + p − 2 when G has p–power exponent for some prime p. On the other hand it is shown that for each prime p there is a 2-generator relatively free p-group G which is nilpotent of class 2p such that the centre of G is not fully invariant.
Problem 11 of Hanna Neumann's book  asks whether the product variety Β4Β2 has a finite basis for its laws. (For any positive integer k, Βk denotes the variety of all groups of exponent diving k.) I think that Β4Β2 was being suggested as a plausible canditate for a variety without the finite basis property; of course, at a time when no such example was known. It is the primary object of this note to verify the fact that Β4Β2 is not finitely based. Β4Β2 provides, therefore, probably the simplest example known at present of a variety which is not finitely based.
A group is called an s-group if it is locally finite and all its Sylow subgroups are abelian. Kovács  has shown that, for any positive integer e, the class se of all s-groups of exponent dividing e is a (locally finite) variety. The proof of this relies on the fact that, for any e, there are only finitely many (isomorphism classes of) non-abelian finite simple groups in se; and this is a consequence of deep results of Walter and others (see ). In , Christensen raised the finite basis question for the laws of the varieties se. It is easy to establish the finite basis property for an se which contains no non-abelian finite simple group; and Christensen gave a finite basis for the laws of the variety s30, whose only non-abelian finite simple group is PSL(2,5). Here we prove Theorem For any positive integer e, the varietysehas a finite basis for its laws.
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