Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children in Canada. While technological advances have increased their survival rates, survivors of childhood brain tumors (SCBT) often develop obesity, which can reduce lifespan and quality of life. While adiposity is a known factor for cardiometabolic disorders in the general population, adiposity patterns in SCBT have not been determined. This study aims to investigate how adiposity patterns differ between SCBT and non-cancer controls, and how lifestyle and treatment factors may contribute to these patterns. Methods: Fifty-nine SCBT and 108 non-cancer controls were recruited from the clinics at McMaster Children’s Hospital. Sociodemographic and lifestyle details were collected using standardized tools to assess diet, physical activity, and sleep. Brain tumor type, location and treatment details were obtained from medical records. Total and visceral adiposity were determined by total fat mass (FM) as well as waist-to-hip (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHTR). Results: SCBT have higher total and visceral adiposity, while BMI is similar to controls. Female SCBT who received radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy have higher adiposity. A dietary pattern of white bread and fried foods with low dark bread was positively associated with adiposity. Lower physical activity levels, but not sleep durations, were associated with higher adiposity. Conclusion: SCBT have higher visceral and total adiposity than non-cancer controls. Sex, chemoradiotherapy, high fat diet, and physical inactivity, can contribute to these adiposity patterns. These results provide multiple points of entry to design interventions that reduce adiposity, and may improve long-term outcomes in SCBT.