The observed ratio of removal of material by (i) scratches gouged by large clasts and (ii) polishing by debris suggests that the latter is the dominant form of bedrock erosion. We examine this with a multi-stage breakdown model of glacial debris, which includes active erosion by fines. These models suggest that a mother clast can, through the action of its daughter debris, erode several times its own volume of bedrock.
Till-sliding over bedrock is likely to be a potent source of scouring. By proposing a till/bedrock sliding law, we investigate the kinematics of sliding till bodies. Ice flow naturally tends to thin and extend till cover, even in the absence of longitudinal gradients in the applied stress. Thicker till cover has an increased effective pressure at its base, a lower sliding velocity and, for larger thicknesses, a decrease in sediment flux with thickness. This implies backward-moving kinematic waves and shocks. It is suggested that this is related to the blunt upstream faces of drumlins, and that drumlinization can be a consequence of debris sliding over bedrock.