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SrBi2Ta2O9 (SBT) epitaxial thin films having a mix of (100) and (116) orientations have been grown on SrLaGaO4(110) by pulsed laser deposition. X-ray diffraction θ2 θ and pole figure scans, and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses revealed the presence of two epitaxial orientations, SBT(100) ∥ SLG(110); SBT ∥ SLG and SBT(116) ∥ SLG(110); SBT  ∥ SLG. By calculating the integrated intensity of certain x-ray diffraction peaks, it was established that the crystallinity and the in-plane orientation of the (100) and (116) orientation are best at a substrate temperature of 775 °C and 788 °C, respectively, and that the volume fraction of the (100) orientation at about 770 °C reached about 60%. By scanning force microscopy and cross-sectional TEM investigations we found that the a-axisoriented grains are rounded and protrude out due to the rapid growth along the  direction, leading to a distinct difference of the surface morphology between (100)- and (116)-oriented grains.
The anisotropie oxide superconductors YBa2Cu3O7-Dgr; and Sr2RuO4 have been epitaxially combined in various ways (c-axis on c-axis, c-axis on a-axis, and a-axis on a-axis) though the use of appropriate substrates. Phase-pure a-axis oriented or c-axis oriented epitaxial Sr2RuO4 films were grown by pulsed laser deposition. YBa2Cu3O7-δ films were then grown on both orientations of Sr2RuO4 films and the resulting epitaxy was characterized.
Commensurate BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices were grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy on four different substrates: TiO2-terminated (001) SrTiO3, (101) DyScO3, (101) GdScO3, and (101) SmScO3. With the aid of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), precise single-monolayer doses of BaO, SrO, and TiO2 were deposited sequentially to create commensurate BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices with a variety of periodicities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements exhibit clear superlattice peaks at the expected positions. The rocking curve full width half-maximum of the superlattices was as narrow as 7 arc s (0.002°). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals nearly atomically abrupt interfaces. Temperature-dependent ultraviolet Raman and XRD were used to reveal the paraelectric-to-ferroelectric transition temperature (TC). Our results demonstrate the importance of finite size and strain effects on the TC of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices. In addition to probing finite size and strain effects, these heterostructures may be relevant for novel phonon devices, including mirrors, filters, and cavities for coherent phonon generation and control.