This paper aims at understanding the texture evolution in extruded oxide dispersion strengthened 18Cr ferritic steel during high-temperature uniaxial compression testing at 1,423 K at a strain rate of 0.01/s based on extensive electron back scatter diffraction characterization. The α-fiber texture is observed along the extrusion direction (ED) in the initial microstructure. The flow curves generated during uniaxial compression test are used to determine the associated hardening parameters. In addition, the degree of texture evolution after deformation along the ED and the transverse direction (TD) with respect to the initial condition has been predicted using VPSC-5 constitutive model. The prediction shows that the deformation along the ED produces a dominant γ-fiber texture in contrast to the TD. This is in agreement with the experimental results where γ-fiber texture is observed, due to enhanced dynamic recrystallization at high-temperature deformation.