Results of the sixth quinquennial survey of the resident population of Glenside Hospital, Bristol, are reported. The total population continues to fall, but the rate of decline has slowed; the implications of this are discussed. Many patients live in an emotionally impoverished state, friendless and rarely leaving the hospital. Few in-patients are employed, even within the hospital. Considerable provision is made, however, for the employment of day-patients. To effectively resettle and support in the community those currently remaining in hospital will require increasingly extensive provision.