Cassava is one of the most important staple crops in Ghana. Losses from the cassava mealybug (CM), Phenacoccus manihoti, and cassava green mite (CGM), Mononychellus tanajoa, infestations in 1983 were estimated at 0.8 m metric tons of tubers. An integrated control programme with biological control playing a key role has been established within the Plant Protection and Quarantine Unit of the Ministry of Agriculture. Of the five beneficial insect species released, only the parasitoid, Epidinocarsis lopezi has so far been established against the CM over the greater part of Ghana. Damage caused by the CM has been reduced quite remarkably, largely due to E. lopezi, with local beneficial insects playing some contributory role. The activity of hyperparasitoids is high and reduces the overall efficiency of E. lopezi.
The effect of CGM is prominent now, perhaps because of the reduction in CM. Exotic phytoseiid mite species were released but no establishment could be documented.