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Superconductor-normal metal-superconductor (SNS) high-Tc Josephson junctions have been fabricated on c-oriented YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) films. Focused ion beam (FIB) nano-structure modification (cutting of the film and local deposition of a metal) was used to form the junction with tungsten barrier. The junctions exhibit resistively shunted junction (RSJ) -like I-V characteristics.
Using the effective medium approximation[1–4] and the theory of photoemission from small particles, we look into the design-rules of infrared materials based upon the metalsemiconductor random heterostructures with Ag particles embedded in the semiconductor. It is found that semiconductor host matrices with higher dielectric constants show better optical absorption in the infrared and that optical properties are closely related to microstructural parameters such as volume fraction of metal particles, percentage of aggregation and particle size. Cu, Ag and Au particles all show similar characteristics. We synthesized materials with small silver particles embedded in Si. Their microstructures are analysized using X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and sputter Auger profiling. Finally, we present the optical properties of these materials and make comparisons with our theoretical results.
We have fabricated highly resistive materials PrBa2 (Cu1-xMx) 3O7 (M=Al, Ga, x = 0.20) by doping metals Ga and Al on PrBa2Cu3O7(PBCO). X-ray data indicated no significant second phases in substituting Cu by Al or Ga up to 20%.The electrical resistivity of these materials were three to four orders in magnitude higher than PBCO at 200K, which may give an effective potential barrier to YBCO in high Tc S-I-S Josephson junction. Epitaxial thin films of these materials were grown using KrF excimer laser on LAO (110) single crystal substrates. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were deployed to study the crystal orientation, epitaxy and roughness of the single crystal thin films. Micro Raman spectroscopy was carried out to investigate the dopant site in PBCO.
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