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The Chinese VLBI Network (CVN) project was proposed early in 1979, and since then VLBI research has been actively developed in Shanghai Observatory. However, only recently the whole project was accepted by the Astronomy Committee, Division of Mathematics and Physics, Academia Sinica.
The Chinese VLBI Network (CVN) project is supported by the Astronomy Committee, Chinese Academy of Sciences. At present, the CVN project consists of three dedicated VLBI stations, two part-time VLBI stations, and a data analysis center. The sites and equipment of the CVN stations are listed in Tables I and II, respectively. The current status of the CVN data analysis center will be described in the last section of this paper.
As the demands of scientific research and application for specimens increase rapidly, biobanks in China have been springing up over the recent years. This paper summarizes Chinese biobanks through investigation and survey on operative, managerial, ethical conditions and challenges of biobanks. At present, hospitals and research institutes in China set up and operate most of the biobanks, collecting human specimens to support clinical and scientific research. With the development of bio-industry and arrival of the big data era, biobanks need not only collect and store human and non-human specimens but also to manage the big data associated with these specimens.
Hierarchical and hollow SnS2 nanostructures as precursors were fabricated via a surfactant-assisted assembly process using sodium dodecyl sulfate as soft templates. The as-prepared SnS2 nanostructures were further oxidized to form porous SnO2 conversion for investigating their gas-sensing properties in drug-precursor detection. On the basis of a series of time- and ratio-dependent reactions, a formation mechanism of the special nanostructures and factors influencing morphology and structure were determined. Gas-sensing measurements revealed that the porous and hierarchical SnO2 hollow nanostructures were sensitive to drug precursors, indicating promising applications in environmental monitoring and public safety investigation. In addition, we found that the assembled SnO2 nanomaterials possessed significantly enhanced gas-sensing properties compared with unassembled SnO2 with a solid interior.
To determine the lipid content and fatty acid (FA) composition of breast milk from fifty-two lactating women between ninth and twelfth lactation weeks in rural North China. The mothers were questioned on their dietary habits. Total milk lipids extracts were transmethylated and analysed using GLC to determine FA contents. The mean lipid content was 40·21 (sd 1·43) g/l. SFA constituted 35·92 % of the total FA. Medium-chain and long-chain SFA presented levels of 10·91 and 25·01 %, respectively. MUFA and PUFA constituted 32·59 and 19·97 % of the total FA, respectively. Oleic, linoleic and α-linolenic acid (ALA) presented contents of 31·26, 17·73 and 1·03 %, respectively. Arachidonic acid had a content of 0·30 %, while DHA content was 0·19 %. Not any form of trans FA were found in human milk samples. A maternal diet transition is proceeding in China. Further investigation on the analysis of human milk FA composition is needed to upgrade the human milk database in China.
The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) has a major radius of R0 = 1.75 m and a midplane halfwidth of 0.5 m. It has been operated with a toroidal magnetic field B0 = 2 T and Ip ≤ 500 kA. The evolution of the plasma equilibrium is analysed between discharges by Equilibrium Fitting Code (EFIT). Limiter, single-null and double-null diverted configurations have been produced. A plasma elongation in the range 1.3 ≤ κ ≤ 1.9 and a triangularity in the range 0.1 ≤ δ ≤ 0.55 have been sustained. The operation space of elongated discharges is also presented based on the EAST database.
The Pr55–xAl12+xFe33–yCuy (0 ≤ x ≤ 5, 0 ≤ y ≤ 8) bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) 5 mm in diameter and 100 mm in length were prepared by copper mold suction casting. Hysteresis loops of the Pr55–xAl12+xFe33–yCuy BMGs and the corresponding Pr55Al12Fe30Cu3 crystallized alloy were measured, and the results showed that the Pr55–xAl12+xFe33–yCuy BMGs are hard magnetic, while the completely crystallized Pr55Al12Fe30Cu3 alloy is paramagnetic at room temperature. The thermal behavior and crystallization of the Pr55Al12Fe30Cu3 BMG were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, and the results indicated that the Pr-based BMG has obvious glass transition and a wide supercooled liquid region up to 75 K. The crystallization activation energy for the Pr55Al12Fe30Cu3 BMG is much smaller than that of Zr–Ti–Cu–Ni–Be BMG.
Nanorods Bi3Se4 were synthesized directly through the reaction between BiCl3 and elemental selenium in an autoclave with hydrazine hydrate as solvent at 165 °C for 10 h. X-ray powder diffraction patterns, x-ray photoelectron spectra, and transmission electron microscope images show that the products are well-crystallized hexagonal Bi3Se4 nanorods. The solvent hydrazine hydrate played an important role in formation and growth of Bi3Se4 nanorods. The possible reaction mechanism was proposed.
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