To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
The dynamics of the coupled Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) and Rayleigh–Taylor (RT) instability (referred to as KHRT instability or KHRTI) is studied using statistically steady experiments performed in a multi-layer gas tunnel. Experiments are performed at four density ratios ranging in Atwood number
from 0.035 to 0.159, with varying amounts of shear and
ranging from 0 to 0.48, where
is the speed difference between the two flow streams being investigated and
is the mean velocity of these two streams. Three types of diagnostics – back-lit visualization, hot-wire anemometry and particle image velocimetry (PIV) – are employed to obtain the mixing widths, velocity field and density field. The flow is found to be governed by KH dynamics at early times and RT dynamics at late times. This transition from KH-instability-like to RT-instability-like behaviour is quantified using the Richardson number. Transitional Richardson number magnitudes obtained for the present KHRT flows are found to be in the range 0.17–0.56 similar to the critical Richardson numbers for stably stratified free shear flows. Comparing the evolution of density and velocity mixing widths, the density mixing layer is found to be approximately two times as thick as the velocity mixing layer. Scaling of velocity fluctuations is attempted using combinations of KH and RT scales. It is found that the proposed KHRT velocity scale, obtained using the combined mixing-layer growth equation, is appropriate for intermediate stages of the flow when both KH and RT dynamics are comparable. Probability density functions (p.d.f.s) for different fluctuating quantities are presented. Multiple peaks in p.d.f.s are qualitatively explained from the development of coherent KH roll-ups and their subsequent transition into turbulent pockets. The evolution of energy spectra indicates that density fluctuations start to show an inertial subrange from earlier times compared to velocity fluctuations. The spectra exhibit a slightly steeper slope than the Kolmogorov–Obukhov five-thirds law.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.