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of a C*-algebra
is called irredundant if no
belongs to the C*-subalgebra of
. Separable C*-algebras cannot have uncountable irredundant sets and all members of many classes of nonseparable C*-algebras, e.g., infinite dimensional von Neumann algebras have irredundant sets of cardinality continuum.
There exists a considerable literature showing that the question whether every AF commutative nonseparable C*-algebra has an uncountable irredundant set is sensitive to additional set-theoretic axioms, and we investigate here the noncommutative case.
(an additional axiom stronger than the continuum hypothesis), we prove that there is an AF C*-subalgebra of
with no nonseparable commutative C*-subalgebra and with no uncountable irredundant set. On the other hand we also prove that it is consistent that every discrete collection of operators in
of cardinality continuum contains an irredundant subcollection of cardinality continuum.
Other partial results and more open problems are presented.
Given a separable Banach space E, we construct an extremely non-complex Banach space (i.e. a space satisfying that ‖ Id + T2 ‖ = 1 + ‖ T2 ‖ for every bounded linear operator T on it) whose dual contains E* as an L-summand. We also study surjective isometries on extremely non-complex Banach spaces and construct an example of a real Banach space whose group of surjective isometries reduces to ±Id, but the group of surjective isometries of its dual contains the group of isometries of a separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space as a subgroup.
(Xα: α < ω2) ⊂ ℘(ω1) is a strong chain in ℘(ω1)/Fin if and only if Xβ – Xα is finite and Xα – Xβ is uncountable for each β < α < ω1. We show that it is consistent that a strong chain in ℘(ω1) exists. On the other hand we show that it is consistent that there is a strongly almost-disjoint family in ℘(ω1) but no strong chain exists: is used to construct a c.c.c forcing that adds a strong chain and Chang's Conjecture to prove that there is no strong chain.
We consider the existence of coherent families of finite-to-one functions on countable subsets of an uncountable cardinal κ. The existence of such families for κ implies the existence of a winning 2-tactic for player TWO in the countable-finite game on κ. We prove that coherent families exist on κ = ωn, where n ∈ ω, and that they consistently exist for every cardinal κ. We also prove that iterations of Axiom A forcings with countable supports are Axiom A.
We consider uncountable products of nontrivial compact, convex subsets of normed linear spaces. We show that these products do not have the complete invariance property i.e. they include a nonempty, closed subset which is not a fixed point set (i.e. the set of all fixed points) for any continuous mapping from the product into itself. In particular we give an answer to W.Weiss' question whether uncountable powers of the unit interval have the complete invariance property.
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