To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Issues concerning the association among attachment anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation among the elderly have rarely been explored. The present study investigated the relationship among attachment anxiety, depression and perceived support concerning suicidal ideation among older people.
Tertiary care settings
The authors recruited 191 elderly patients from 10 tertiary care settings in Thailand
Participants provided data on their suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt using Module C of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Their attachment anxiety was assessed using the revised Experience of Close Relationship questionnaire (ECR-R-18), while their level of depression was investigated using the Geriatric Depression Scale. In addition, their perception of being supported was ascertained using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. We performed two mediation analyses and moderation analyses separately using the product of coefficients approach. First, we created a mediation model to examine the role of attachment anxiety and depression on suicidal ideation. Second, a moderated mediation model was created to explore the relationship of perceived social support as a moderator of depression.
We found that depression significantly mediated the association between attachment anxiety and suicidal ideation. The association between depression and suicidal ideation was moderated by the level of perceived social support.
Findings of this study may broaden our understanding of how suicidal ideation develops among the elderly and further stimulate future research exploring the interaction of positive and negative factors of suicidality among the elderly. Implications of the findings were also discussed.
The Core Symptom Index (CSI) is designed to measure anxiety, depression and somatization symptoms. This study examined the construct validity of CSI using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) including a bifactor model and explored differential item functioning (DIF) of the CSI. The criterion and concurrent validity were evaluated.
In all, 803 elderly patients, average age 69.24 years, 70% female, were assessed for depressive disorders and completed the CSI and the geriatric depression scale (GDS). A series involving CFA for ordinal scale was applied. Factor loadings and explained common variance were analyzed for general and specific factors; and Omega was calculated for model-based reliability. DIF was analyzed using the Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model. Pearson’s correlation, ANOVA, and ROC analysis were used for associations and to compare CSI and GDS in predicting major depressive disorders (MDD).
The bifactor model provided the best fit to the data. Most items loaded on general rather than specific factors. The explained common variance was acceptable, while Omega hierarchical for the subscale and explained common variance for the subscales were low. Two DIF items were identified; ‘crying’ for sex items and ‘self-blaming’ for education items. Correlation among CSI and clinical disorders and the GDS were found. AUC for the GDS was 0.83, and for the CSI was 0.81.
CSI appears sufficiently unidimensional. Its total score reflected a single general factor, permitting users to interpret the total score as a sufficient reliable measure of the general factors. CSI could serve as a screening tool for MDD.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.