Abstract. This paper aims at showing how the tools of Algebraic Geometry apply to Analysis. We will review various classical constructions, including Sato's hyperfunctions, Fourier-Sato transform and microlocalization, the microlocal theory of sheaves (with some applications to PDE) and explain the necessity of Grothendieck topologies to treat algebraically generalized functions with growth conditions.
In this paper, we will show how the tools of Algebraic Geometry– sheaves, triangulated and derived categories, Grothendieck topologies and stacks– play (or should play) a crucial role in Analysis.
Note that, conversely, some problems of Analysis led to new algebraic concepts. For example, one of the deepest notion related to triangulated categories is that of t-structure, and as a particular case, that of perverse sheaves, and these notions emerged with the study of the Riemann Hilbert correspondence, a problem dealing with differential equations.
Another example is the Fourier transform, clearly one of the most essential tools of the analysts, until it was categorified by Sato and applied to algebraic analysis, next transposed to algebraic geometry (the Fourier-Mukai transform).
The classical analysts are used to work in various functional spaces constructed with the machinery of functional analysis and Fourier transform, but Sato's construction of hyperfunctions  in the 60's does not use any of these tools. It is a radically new approach which indeed has entirely modified the mathematical landscape in this area.