To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Galen of Pergamum (129–215 ce), the influential Greek doctor and philosopher, had much to say about the soul and its relationship to the body. In developing his views on psychophysical interaction, Galen used and combined ideas and concepts derived from the philosophical traditions of Platonism, Aristotelianism, and Stoicism. He also took medical views on board, ranging from the earliest fifth-century bce writings of ‘Hippocrates’, the fourth-century doctor Diocles of Carystus, and Hellenistic medical writers such as Herophilus and Erasistratus, to the works of his older medical contemporaries, such as Rufus of Ephesus and the Pneumatist writer Archigenes of Apamea; these were especially relevant when it came to the anatomy and physiology of the soul and the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorder in its somatic aspects.
Mixtures is of central importance for Galen's views on the human body. It presents his influential typology of the human organism according to nine mixtures (or 'temperaments') of hot, cold, dry and wet. It also develops Galen's ideal of the 'well-tempered' person, whose perfect balance ensures excellent performance both physically and psychologically. Mixtures teaches the aspiring doctor how to assess the patient's mixture by training one's sense of touch and by a sophisticated use of diagnostic indicators. It presents a therapeutic regime based on the interaction between foods, drinks, drugs and the body's mixture. Mixtures is a work of natural philosophy as well as medicine. It acknowledges Aristotle's profound influence whilst engaging with Hippocratic ideas on health and nutrition, and with Stoic, Pneumatist and Peripatetic physics. It appears here in a new translation, with generous annotation, introduction and glossaries elucidating the argument and setting the work in its intellectual context.