The interband and intersubband transitions in self-assembled InAs and In0.3Ga0.7As quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy have been investigated for their use in visible, near-, and mid-infrared detection applications. Devices based on InAs quantum dots embedded in an InxGa1−xAs (0 to 0.3) graded well and In0.3Ga0.7As quantum dots were fabricated in order to measure the temperature dependent (77 – 300 K) photoresponse. The dark current was measured in the temperature range of 77 to 300 K for the devices. Room temperature photoresponse ranging between 0.6 to 1.3 μm was observed for the InAs and In0.3Ga0.7As quantum dot photodetectors. Furthermore, a dual band photoresponse in the visible, near-, and mid-infrared spectral regions for both devices was observed at 77 K. Using a self-consistent solution of Schrödinger-Poisson equations, the peak position energies of the interband and intersubband transitions in the two multi-color quantum dot infrared photodetector structures was calculated.