The polymer/bioceramic composite materials attract much attention for the development of bioresorbable implants and tissue engineering scaffolds. Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the most commonly used bioceramic material due to its similarity to the major mineral component of the hard tissue. We synthesized carbonated and Mg-substituted HA nanocrystals with various concentrations of CO3
2− and Mg2+ ions by chemical precipitation in the range of the process temperatures from 25 °C to 100 °C.
The HA nanocrystals were mixed with several polymeric materials (PCL, PLA, PVA, collagen) to fabricate bulk and nanofiber polymer/HA nanoparticle composites with the HA loading up to 80 % by weight. The HA nanocrystals and polymer/HA composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron and atomic force microscopy. Mechanical properties of the composites were investigated using nanoindentation technique.