Using a case scenario involving a marginally competent elderly woman living alone at risk, we assessed the care decisions made by older adults (n = 82) and health care professionals (HCPs, n = 87), and identified differences in the values underlying the care decisions. Overall, participants did not place a high value on independence when they appraised the risk to the client as high and safety as low. Under these conditions, elderly respondents tended to be more paternalistic in their decisions about care, while HCPs tended to be more beneficent. If the values of HCPs differ from those of elderly people, how likely is it that the care provided to marginally competent elderly people will be congruent with their wishes? The care provided by HCPs might be improved by incorporating knowledge of the values and perspectives of other older adults.