Synthesis and structural characterization of a novel palladium Pd(II) complex with the amino acid L-citrulline (Cit, C6H13N3O3) are presented in this paper. Elemental analysis indicates a 1:2 metal/ligand molar composition for the complex, with the molecular formula PdC12H24N6O6. The compound was also characterized by infrared (IR) spectroscopic measurements and the crystal structure has been solved by powder X-ray diffraction data with simulated annealing strategy in real space. The Pd(II) complex crystallizes in the triclinic system with space group P-1 and cell parameters a = 4.6493(4) Å, b = 5.222(4) Å, c = 18.040(2) Å, α = 77.41(6)°, β = 94.72(7),° and γ = 101.45(7)°. The crystal structure confirms the presence of Pd(II) ions in a nearly square planar environment and the molecular formula with deprotonated citrulline as proposed by analytical and spectroscopic data.