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This paper presents a robust adaptive impedance controller for robot manipulators using function approximation techniques (FAT). Recently, FAT-based robust impedance controllers have been presented using Fourier series expansion for uncertainty estimation. In fact, sinusoidal functions can approximate nonlinear functions with arbitrary small approximation error based on the orthogonal functions theorem. The novelty of this paper in comparison with previous related works is that the number of required regressor matrices in this paper has been reduced. This superiority becomes more dominant when the manipulator degrees of freedom (DOFs) are increased. First, the desired signals for motor currents are calculated, and then the desired voltages are obtained. In the proposed approach, only a simple model of the actuator and manipulator dynamics is used in the controller design and all the rest dynamics are treated as external disturbance. The external disturbances can then be approximated by Fourier series expansion. The adaptation laws for Fourier series coefficients are derived from a Lyapunov-based stability analysis. Simulation results on a 2-DOF planar robot manipulator including the actuator dynamics indicate the efficiency of proposed method.
This paper presents a robust tracking controller for electrically driven robots, without the need for velocity measurements of joint variables. Many observers require the system dynamics or nominal models, while a model-free observer is presented in this paper. The novelty of this paper is presenting a new observer–controller structure based on function approximation techniques and Stone–Weierstrass theorem using differential equations. In fact, it is assumed that the lumped uncertainty can be modeled by linear differential equations. Then, using Stone–Weierstrass theorem, it is verified that these differential equations are universal approximators. The advantage of proposed approach in comparison with previous related works is simplicity and reducing the dimensions of regressor matrices without the need for any information of the systems’ dynamic. Simulation results on a 6-degrees of freedom robot manipulator driven by geared permanent magnet DC motors indicate the satisfactory performance of the proposed method in overcoming uncertainties and reducing the tracking error. To evaluate the performance of proposed controller in practical implementations, experimental results on an SCARA manipulator are presented.
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