In order to establish the probability of physical membership of open clusters by means of astrometrical methods, two criteria are used: the position distribution of stars in the sky and their proper motions. Proper motion methods have shown validity from a practical point of view; but are difficult to apply where there is a high ratio of cluster-to-field stars, and in crowded fields of the Milky Way.
As a test we have selected the nearby (170–190 pc) Blanco Cluster 1 (1 = 16°, b = −73°) in order to avoid complications arising from crowded fields. Photometric data however, suggests that the diameter of the cluster is rather extended (~ 120 arcsec). This will require a large-field solution, rather than a small-field solution which can be obtained with greater accuracy using Schmidt astrometry (Fresneau 1978; Nakamura & Sekiguchi 1993).