We investigate geometrically exact generalized continua of micromorphic type in the sense of Eringen. The two-field problem for the macrodeformation φ and the affine microdeformation P̄ ∈ GL+(3, R) in the quasistatic, conservative load case is investigated in a variational form. Depending on material constants, two existence theorems in Sobolev spaces are given for the resulting nonlinear boundary-value problems. These results comprise existence results for the micro-incompressible case P̄ ∈ SL(3, R) and the Cosserat micropolar case P̄ ∈ SO(3, R). In order to treat external loads, a new condition, called bounded external work, has to be included, which overcomes the conditional coercivity of the formulation. The possible lack of coercivity is related to fracture of the micromorphic solid. The mathematical analysis uses an extended Korn first inequality. The methods of choice are the direct methods of the calculus of variations.